Page 4 - Guida della Valchisone
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The name of the municipality, Roure, comes from the Occitan language and literally means ‘Oak’. The resources  introduction
         Roure is nestled among the Cozie alps, which streched around the Chisone riverbed, in the same named
    valley, rising between 750 and 2890m. The name Roure defines all the territory belonging to the municipality,
    it is a sparse municipality, and does not include among its hamlets a chief town with the same name.
    The municipality consists of four main hamlets: Balma, Castel del Bosco, Roreto and Villaretto, and a huge
    number of fascinating small vilalges. Among the most characteristic is the village of Chasteiran, in the valley
    of Bourcet, which, with its daring buildings, is one of the most beautiful and best preserved alpine villages in
    the valley.
    Bearing witness to the fact that fertile land has been inhabited since ancient times, there are post-Palaeolithic
    finds found in the sites of Gran Faetto and Balm’Chanto dating back to the end of the 3rd millennium BC. The
    first known documents on which the names of the municipality and its villages can be recognized date back to
    the 11th cent. and belonged to the Savoy family. Since then, the commune was always a land on the border,
    conquested and exchanged between the Delfinate and the Savoy, which alternate periods contended for the
    that enabled the municipality to develop were at first linked to pastoral farming, livestock farming and forestry
    activities, and later, in the mid-IX cent. , the mining resources that led the municipality to the most expansive
    years and progress. Among the many mines, we remember the Roussa’s mines that in 1901, allows the mu-
    nicipality to reach its highest peak of 3,911 inhabitants, constituting one of the most important nuclei of the
    whole valley. The mines were then closed in 1962.
    The city’s territory is rich in recreational sports facilities and is well-known to sportsmen for its many climbing
    cliffs and rock climbing gyms and the ‘via ferrata’, a mountain trail with some minor climbing difficulties, at the
    entrance to the Bourcet Valley. Roure offers history, culture, sports and recreational activities as well as tran-
    quility and relax to discover the colors of the seasons, the wonders of nature and the characteristic murals that
    surround the major villages: the breeding in Vilaretto, the work of the mine in Balma, the old crafts in Roreto
    and the history of the bread from the sowing of wheat to bakery products in Castel del Bosco.
    All townships feature lavatories, crystalline water fountains, old bakery ovens which thanks to private indi-
    viduals and associations sometimes continue to offer scents and fragrances of the past. In addition culinary
    products and typical dishes can be enjoyed in local restaurants or can be found in small village shops. The
    most typical dishes of the area are the ‘gofri’, a crisp honeycombed wafer to be enjoyed alone, with sweet or
    savory dressings, and the Cajette/cagliette, gnocchi made by bread or potatoes flavored with sausage butter
    and cloves.
    All the territory is traversed by a lattice of paths and old mule tracks that formed the frame of the links between
    the various townships and the cultivated terraces that now allow an innumerable amount of excursions.
    Some of them have been kept in splendid conditions and running them, with a little fancy, it will not be difficult
    to imagine our ancestors walking them with the hull on their shoulders filled with hay or with the sled load of
    wood. This maze of paths allows comfortable walks around the countryside, excursions exploring  the old villa-
    ges and real high mountain climbing discover beautiful Alpine lakes such as Roussa lake, Manica and Moutta
    lake or Ciardonet lake, or discovering fantastic panoramas from the peaks of almost 3,000 meters above sea
    level like the Becco dell’Aquila, the Orsiera, the Cristalliera, the Rocciavrè or the Robinet.
    The richness of emotions that this territory can give is confirmed and strengthened by two Alpine huts as well
    as a landmark of the GTA: Rifugio Serafin placed in the Bourcet valley into Chasteiran village that is open from
    spring to autumn, and the Rifugio Selleries, open all year long round located in the homonymous cone and
    framed by the peaks of the Orsiera, Cristalliera and Rocciavrè.
         Roure est une commune moyenned’environ 900 habitants qui se situe au milieu de la vallée de Chisone à
    une altitude moyenne de 860m, traversée par le torrent du même nom.
    Le territoire est composé de quatre hameaux principaux: Balma, Castel del Bosco, Roreto et Villaretto, et d’un
    nombre important de petits hameaux qui sont désormais presque tous inhabités et abandonnés, parmi ceux-ci
    le hameau de Chasteiran dans le vallon de Bourcet que l’on peut considérer comme un des villages alpins le plus
    mieux conservé de la vallée.
    Le territoire a été habité depuis les temps antiques, comme il a été prouvé à travers les pièces retrouvées  sur
    les sites du ‘Gran Faeto’ de l’époque post-paléolithique et de Balm’Chanto datant de la fin du 3  millénaire
    avant JC. Les premiers documents écrits qui ont été retrouvés sur lesquels sont cités les noms des territoires
    remontent au XI sièc.dans la lignée de la famille de Savoie. Dès lors, le territoire fut toujours terre de frontière
    entre le Dauphiné et la Savoie qui par période alternative se disputaient le territoire.
    Le nom de Roure qui en langue occitane signifie Rouvre, en italien rovere, qui à son tour à l’origine latine robur-
    Dans la période fasciste le nom de la commune, trop français, et pas assez Italien, fut changé en ‘Roreto’ en
    1937, puis en ‘Roreto Chisone’ en 1939, perdant ainsi le lien étymologique originel. Ce lien sémantique fut
    maintenu par le chêne, dans le blason communal.
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