Page 4 - Guida della Valchisone
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the village of Chasteiran, in the valley of Bourcet, which, with its daring buildings, is one of  introduction
the most beautiful and best preserved alpine villages in the valley.
Bearing witness to the fact that fertile land has been inhabited since ancient times, there
are post-Palaeolithic finds found in the sites of Gran Faetto and Balm’Chanto dating back
to the end of the 3rd millennium BC. The first known documents on which the names of the
municipality and its villages can be recognized date back to the 11th cent. and belonged
to the Savoy family. Since then, the commune was always a land on the border, conquested
and exchanged between the Delfinate and the Savoy, which alternate periods contended
for the territory.
The name of the municipality, Roure, comes from the Occitan language and literally means
‘Oak’. The resources that enabled the municipality to develop were at first linked to pasto-
ral farming, livestock farming and forestry activities, and later, in the mid-IXcent., the mi-
ning resources that led the municipality to the most expansive years and progress. Among
the many mines, we remember the Roussa’s mines that in 1901, allows the municipality to
reach its highest peak of 3,911 inhabitants, constituting one of the most important nuclei
of the whole valley. The mines were then closed in 1962.
The city’s territory is rich in recreational sports facilities and is well-known to sportsmen
for its many climbing cliffs and rock climbing gyms and the ‘via ferrata’, a mountain trail
with some minor climbing difficulties, at the entrance to the Bourcet Valley. Roure offers
history, culture, sports and recreational activities as well as tranquility and relax to di-
scover the colors of the seasons, the wonders of nature and the characteristic murals
that surround the major villages: the breeding in Vilaretto, the work of the mine in Balma,
the old crafts in Roreto and the history of the bread from the sowing of wheat to bakery
products in Castel del Bosco.
All townships feature lavatories, crystalline water fountains, old bakery ovens which than-
ks to private individuals and associations sometimes continue to offer scents and fragran-
ces of the past. In addition culinary products and typical dishes can be enjoyed in local
restaurants or can be found in small village shops. The most typical dishes of the area are
the ‘gofri’, a crisp honeycombed wafer to be enjoyed alone, with sweet or savory dressings,
and the Cajette/cagliette, gnocchi made by bread or potatoes flavored with sausage butter
and cloves.
All the territory is traversed by a lattice of paths and old mule tracks that formed the frame
of the links between the various townships and the cultivated terraces that now allow an
innumerable amount of excursions.
Some of them have been kept in splendid conditions and running them, with a little fancy,
it will not be difficult to imagine our ancestors walking them with the hull on their shoul-
ders filled with hay or with the sled load of wood. This maze of paths allows comfortable
walks around the countryside, excursions exploring the old villages and real high mountain
climbing discover beautiful Alpine lakes such as Roussa lake, Manica and Moutta lake or
Ciardonet lake, or discovering fantastic panoramas from the peaks of almost 3,000 meters
above sea level like the Becco dell’Aquila, the Orsiera, the Cristalliera, the Rocciavrè or
the Robinet.
The richness of emotions that this territory can give is confirmed and strengthened by
two Alpine huts as well as a landmark of the GTA: Rifugio Serafin placed in the Bourcet
valley into Chasteiran village that is open from spring to autumn, and the Rifugio Selleries,
open all year long round located in the homonymous cone and framed by the peaks of the
Orsiera, Cristalliera and Rocciavrè.

    Roure est une commune moyenned’environ 900 habitants qui se situe au milieu de la
vallée de Chisone à une altitude moyenne de 860m, traversée par le torrent du même nom.
Le territoire est composé de quatre hameaux principaux: Balma, Castel del Bosco, Roreto
et Villaretto, et d’un nombre important de petits hameaux qui sont désormais presque tous
inhabités et abandonnés, parmi ceux-ci le hameau de Chasteiran dans le vallon de Bourcet
que l’on peut considérer comme un des villages alpins le plus mieux conservé de la vallée.
Le territoire a été habité depuis les temps antiques, comme il a été prouvé à travers
les pièces retrouvées sur les sites du ‘Gran Faeto’ de l’époque post-paléolithique et de
Balm’Chanto datant de la fin du 3eme millénaire avant JC. Les premiers documents écrits
qui ont été retrouvés sur lesquels sont cités les noms des territoires remontent au XIsièc.
dans la lignée de la famille de Savoie. Dès lors, le territoire fut toujours terre de frontière
entre le Dauphiné et la Savoie qui par période alternative se disputaient le territoire.
Le nom de Roure qui en langue occitane signifie Rouvre, en italien rovere, qui à son tour à
l’origine latine robur-roboris.
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